Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Jumlah Kasus Tuberkulosis di Indonesia Menggunakan Model Geographically Weighted Poisson Regression
Tuberculosis is a contagious disease suffered by humans caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Tuberculosis in Indonesia must be eradicated both preventive and treatment. One effort that can be given to the community to reduce tuberculosis cases is by providing information on the factors that influence tuberculosis cases through Geographically Weighted Poisson Regression (GWPR) modeling. The number of tuberculosis cases in Indonesia is a count data with a small chance of occurrence so that it is suspected to have a Poisson distribution. Cases of tuberculosis are spatial data (spatial heterogeneity). The purpose of this study is to determine the GWPR model of the number of tuberculosis cases in Indonesia and determine the factors that influence tuberculosis cases in Indonesia. The research data are secondary data obtained from the Indonesian Ministry of Health. Parameter estimation method is Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE). Spatial weighting is calculated by using the Adaptive Gaussian weighting function and the optimum bandwidth is determined by using the Cross-Validation (CV) criteria. The research results showed that the exact Maximum Likelihood (ML) estimator could not be obtained analytically and the approximation of ML estimator was obtained by using the Newton-Raphson iterative method. Based on the results of the parameter testing of GWPR model, it was concluded that the factors affecting the number of tuberculosis cases were local and varied in 34 provinces. The factor affecting locally are the number of poor people, the percentage of houses unfit for habitation, the percentage of districts/cities that do not have a PHBS policy and the percentage of TPM not meeting health requirements, meanwhile factors influencing globally are the number of poor people.